Types of Residential Roofing
Residential roofing is used for houses or apartments and requires less maintenance than commercial roofs. It also has different needs regarding design, aesthetics, and durability. There are a variety of materials that can be used for residential roofing, each offering unique benefits and drawbacks. A properly installed residential roof can protect the home and add to its value.
Asphalt shingles have been a traditional roofing option for decades because of their cost-effectiveness and installation simplicity. Today, Roofing comes in various colors and designs to suit any home style. These shingles are extremely durable, and they can withstand a lot of weather conditions. They are also one of the most popular types of roofs among residential homeowners.
The basic design of an asphalt shingle involves two layers. The first layer is a base mat that is coated with asphalt and is designed to provide strength to the roof. The second layer is a coarse mineral surfacing that provides the coloring and protection to the shingle from the elements and fire. The back of the shingle is covered with a coating of talc, mica or sand to prevent them from sticking together and to the base mat.
There are two different kinds of shingles that are made from this material: organic and fiberglass. Traditionally, organic shingles are made from a base mat of cellulose fibers that were derived from recycled paper or cotton or wool rags, while fiberglass shingles are manufactured from asphalt-saturated felt. Both styles have been improved with additional features over the years, and the result is an affordable and durable shingle that can stand up to a lot of storms.
A variety of specialty shingles are available, including shingles that fight algae growth, offer enhanced resistance to damaging hail, and incorporate solar reflectance technology that helps keep homes cooler and reduce energy costs. Depending on the climate of your area, you can even find shingles that offer impact resistance or help with wildfire prevention. These specialized shingles are more expensive, but they can add a significant amount of value to your property.
Metal roofs are durable, long-lasting and offer high solar reflectance. They’re also fireproof and help to prevent storm damage. This is why they’re popular in areas that experience severe weather. They also provide a modern look and can add value to your home. However, it is important to note that they are more expensive than shingles. Nevertheless, you can benefit from low premiums on your homeowner’s insurance.
A well-designed metal roof can last for 40 to 70 years or more and is backed by a 50-year manufacturer’s warranty. Several types of metal are available for residential roofing, including galvanized steel, copper, stainless steel and zinc. They can be installed in a panel or shingle style. The latter is a great choice for bungalows, cabins, cottages and contemporary houses.
Another residential roofing option is wood shakes. This type of roof is more expensive than asphalt shingles but has a natural beauty. It is also easier to maintain than other types of roofing. However, it is important to know that it can be affected by harsh weather conditions and require more frequent maintenance.
Choosing the best residential roofing material depends on your climate, preferences and budget. Every roofing material has pros and cons. A well-chosen and properly installed roof can protect your home and increase its resale value.
Properly installed over plywood sheathing with a recommended underlayment, a metal roof isn’t any noisier than an asphalt one during a rainstorm. It also comes with a lifetime warranty that can be transferred to the next owner. But you should know that a metal roof can be prone to denting. If you’re planning to invest in a metal roof, be sure to consult an expert and weigh all the options.
Tile roofs add a distinctive look to the home, particularly on Southwest-style homes or Mediterranean-inspired structures. However, they are equally at home on a Craftsman-style or log home, and they can be used to complement almost any architectural style. Made from fired clay, concrete or slate, these roofs are known for their beauty as well as durability. The best part is, these roofs last a lifetime and can dramatically increase your home’s resale value.
The installation of a tile roof is a six to ten day process that begins with the removal of your old roof. The new tiles will be laid over a base layer of roofing underlayment that your contractor will determine is necessary based on your roof’s slope and tile type. This underlayment is a moisture barrier that protects your home from water damage.
It is important that you only let qualified and experienced roofers install a tile roof. While they may seem less fragile than asphalt shingles, they are still very heavy and require that extra support be built into the structure of your home. Foot traffic on a tile roof can cause cracks or breaks, so you should always seek professional help when climbing or moving around on your roof.
Tile roofs are often designed to mimic other materials, such as wood shakes or natural stone. Many are also available in a wide range of colors and styles to match your unique taste. They’re also highly resistant to fire, frost and extreme heat – making them ideal for areas that experience frequent wildfires. They’re pest-resistant, too – unlike some other roofing materials that can attract insects that can cause costly damage.
The wood shake is a classic roofing option that’s often associated with historic homes, but it can look equally attractive on a modern home. It offers a beautiful, rustic appearance that’s difficult to replicate with any other type of roof. But, you’ll want to be aware that shake shingles are more vulnerable to rot and insect damage than other types of roofing materials, and you’ll need to maintain your wood shakes regularly to keep them looking good and protect your home from weather-related problems.
While wood shingles can be made from a variety of materials, shakes are typically crafted from cedar or redwood. They’re typically split by hand from lumber logs using specialized tools, and they can be cut in a variety of ways that create different aesthetics. According to Bob Vila, shakes can be sawn into a flat grain for stability, or they can be tapered to resemble the look of a shingle.
Wood is a natural insulator, and this helps your house stay cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter. It’s also a poor conductor of heat, so it can help you save on your energy bills. Wood shakes are susceptible to rot and insect infestation, but you can prevent these issues by making sure the trees that shade your roof are well-maintained, and by hiring a professional installer who can properly install your wood shakes.
If you choose to install a wood shake roof, make sure that the lumber is certified by a recognized grading agency such as the Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau for cedar or the Southern Pine Inspection Bureau for yellow pine. And be sure to use a high-quality roof underlayment that’s designed for wood shakes, such as an asphalt-saturated organic felt or an unfaced mineral felt.
Slate is a beautiful roofing material that is unique and a great design choice for luxury homes. It is durable and long-lasting, allowing it to withstand even the harshest weather conditions. It is also fire resistant, invulnerable to rot, and requires little maintenance. However, it can be quite expensive and requires a high level of expertise for installation.
It was first used on a residential roof in 1300 AD, and was later made available to the masses when it began mining operations in the United States. It has a natural, rock-like look that is very appealing. It is also lightweight and has a variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. This allows for different designs and styles to be created.
Because slate is so heavy, it is a good idea to only install it on houses that are engineered to support it. If your home does not have this feature, it is best to consult a professional who can help you determine if your house can support a slate roof.
If you do choose to install a slate roof, it is important to find a company that will offer maintenance work should problems arise. Many companies will also provide a warranty on their products, but the length and type of coverage will vary from one provider to another.
Both metal and slate are beautiful options for residential roofing, but it is up to you to decide what will best suit your needs. Consider your budget, aesthetic preferences, and whether or not you plan on selling your house in the future. Also, remember that both materials are available in a wide range of colors and designs to match any architectural style.