Types of Roofing

A roof provides weather protection for a building’s living space. It may also support other elements such as soffit vents, gable end vents, and ridge vents.


There are many types of roofing materials and styles. For example, metal roofs come in various looks and can boost resale values. One popular type is exposed fastener metal panels that resemble asphalt shingles. Visit https://www.portcharlotteroofers.com/ to learn more.

Wood is one of the oldest roofing materials and remains a popular choice for rustic homes. It is durable and offers a beautiful, quaint aesthetic that often draws interest on the real estate market when it’s time to sell a house. However, wood shingles and shakes tend to require more maintenance than other types of roofing. They also require more fire-retardant chemicals than other roofs and may lead to higher home insurance premiums.

There are several different types of shingle and shakes made from wood, including cedar, pine, and cypress. The type you choose depends on the climate in your area, as well as your budget and style. For example, cedar is highly rot-resistant and grows near the Pacific coast, so it’s an excellent option for wet climates. However, it’s a more expensive choice than yellow pine or cypress.

When choosing wood shingles, look for edge grain, which is cut perpendicular to the tree’s rings. This offers the most durability and stability, which means that your shingles are less likely to warp or distort over time. Flat grain shingles, on the other hand, aren’t as good for moisture resistance and can become more prone to splitting.

If you opt for a wood roof, make sure the shingles are CCA-treated. This treatment helps them resist mold, mildew and fungus growth, as well as insect infestation. If you prefer a natural, earthy look for your roof, untreated wood is also available.

Wood roofs can be a good investment, but they’re not the best choice for everyone. If you aren’t willing to pay for the increased maintenance, or if you live in a fire-prone region, then another roofing material may be better for you. When you do need maintenance done on a wooden roof, it’s generally preferred that the same company who performed the original installation perform the work. This will ensure consistency and prevent the quality of work from going down over time.


Asphalt shingles are the most common roofing materials used on homes. They come in a variety of colors and styles that are designed to complement many different types of houses. This versatility is one of the reasons why so many people choose them for their roofs. In addition, asphalt shingles are very durable and can last for decades. In fact, most manufacturers offer a lifetime warranty on their products.

The protective nature of asphalt shingles primarily comes from the long, heavy chains of hydrocarbons that are impregnated into their paper base. When rain falls, these hydrocarbons are washed off the shingles and down into the gutter system where they are deposited in small amounts. Over time this process can deteriorate the roofing paper, causing it to shrink and tear. This tearing exposes the nails to the elements, which can lead to leaks.

In order to extend the lifespan of an asphalt shingle, it is important to perform preventative maintenance. This includes keeping leaves and debris off the roof, checking the condition of flashings and sealing around pipe penetrations. Additionally, a regular roof inspection is recommended to ensure that the shingles are properly sealed and secured to the wood framing of the house.

Another advantage of asphalt shingles is their ability to filter out noises from the outside world. This is a great benefit for families with children or pets who want to enjoy a quiet atmosphere at home. Asphalt shingles can help block out traffic, airplanes and barking dogs to keep your house peaceful and relaxing.

There are two types of asphalt shingles: three-tab shingles and architectural shingles. Three-tab shingles are thicker and more uniform in size, while architectural shingles are thinner with cutouts that create a more dimensional look on the roof. Architectural shingles are more expensive than three-tab shingles, but they provide a more attractive appearance on the roof and can save you money in the long run.

Another drawback of asphalt shingles is that the roofing tar can be messy and dangerous to handle. The tar needs to be softened before it can be removed with a mop, and it must be handled carefully in order to avoid injury or burns. Experienced roofing professionals always wear heat-resistant gloves and special roofing shoes when working with hot tar.


Traditionally associated with industrial and commercial construction, metal roofs have been gaining popularity in the residential sector as well. They offer a sleek, clean look that can enhance the aesthetic of nearly any home design. They’re also durable and energy efficient, which can help reduce heating and cooling costs.

While these benefits are enticing, they can be offset by the fact that metal roofing is relatively more expensive than other options. The materials and skilled labor necessary for installation can also drive up project costs. Nevertheless, for many homeowners, the advantages outweigh these costs and it’s worth paying the premium to enjoy the long-term benefits of a metal roof.

The type of metal roofing you’ll typically see on agricultural buildings, such as machine shops or cattle barns, is corrugated panels with exposed fasteners. This is fine for an agricultural building, but it leaves a little to be desired when used on modern homes popularized for their curb appeal. For those seeking a more sophisticated, architectural style, standing seam metal roofing is available with concealed fasteners that improve both the aesthetic and durability of the roof.

Even with the benefit of concealed fasteners, however, metal roofs are susceptible to dents from hail and falling branches or debris. Copper and aluminum are more resilient to this damage than steel, but they still require occasional repairs.

Another drawback of metal is its slippery surface when wet or covered with snow. This can pose a safety hazard and make climbing on a metal roof extremely dangerous. This is especially true in areas that experience heavy snowfalls, where snow “avalanching” off the roof can become a serious hazard.

Finally, the metal itself isn’t very insulating and requires effective insulation to be considered an energy-efficient option for homes. This can make the summer heat feel much more intense than it does with other roofing materials, though a good insulation layer can mitigate this problem. This makes it essential to work with a professional roofing contractor to choose the right roof for your home.


Slate is a natural roofing material that can add an instant sense of history to your home. Its use as a roof began in North Wales about 1300 A.D. It was expensive and mostly found on castles or military buildings until it became affordable for the average homeowner in the 1800s. When properly maintained, a slate roof can last for hundreds of years. It is water-, fire-, fungi-, and temperature-resistant and requires little maintenance to keep it looking great.

Slate comes in a wide variety of colors, shades, and textures, so you can find the right look for your home. The different color variations are a result of the minerals in the rock. Hematite, for instance, gives a shingle a purple hue, while chlorite makes it green and carbon produces blacks and grays. You can also choose between soft and hard slate shingles. Hard slate has a life span of 75-150 years, while soft slate shingles last about 90 years.

A good roofer should have experience working with slate. This is because it takes a lot of skill to handle the fragile tiles. The roofer should know how to distribute them evenly on a roof and how to nail them. A roofer without the necessary skills may make mistakes that can be costly.

If your home isn’t compatible with a real slate roof, you can opt for hybrid slate tiles. These are made with a waterproof synthetic material and designed to mimic the appearance of a natural slate shingle. However, they don’t share the same longevity as a genuine slate roof and typically only last for about 20 to 30 years.

A slate roof is a significant investment, but it’s one that can increase the value of your home. It can also save you money on energy costs because it’s an insulator. The only downside is that you may not get a full warranty on the roof, which can be an issue for homeowners who plan to sell their home in the future. A roofer should be able to provide details about the manufacturer’s warranty policy.

Troy Robinson